The Corkscrew App
Like a deflated balloon, historical fiction doesn't rise to its billing unless its plot and setting have been thoroughly researched. While their dialogue is fictitious, the historical characters in The Corkscrew App ---Washington, Braddock, Tanaghrisson---were studied using primary source documents to get as close to their thoughts and motivations as possible. Letters written by Washington, Braddock and other British officers were helpful in remaining as close to the actual events as possible. Other sources listed below, primary and secondary, gave insight to the food, clothing, language and medicine of the period.
Clary, David A.. George Washington’s First War: His Early Military Adventures. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2011.
Davis, Kenneth C.. America’s Hidden History: Untold Tales of the First Pilgrims, Fighting Women, and Forgotten Founders Who Shaped A Nation. New York: Smithsonian Books/Harper Collins, 2009.
James, Alfred Procter and Stotz, Charles Morse. Drums in the Forest: Decision at the Forks, Defense in the Wilderness. Pittsburgh, Pa.: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2005.
Regan, Geoffrey. The Brassey’s Book of Military Blunders. Washington, D.C.: Brassey’s Inc., 2000.
Ruckman, Joseph. Recreating the American Longhunter, 1740-1790. Excelsior Springs, Mo.: Graphics/Fine Arts Press, 2000.
Tannenbaum, Rebecca. Health and Wellness in Colonial America. Santa Barbara, Calif.: Greenwood Publishing/ABC-CLIO LLC, 2012.
Utley, Robert M. and Washburn, Wilcomb E.. Indian Wars. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1987.
“A Colonial Gentleman’s Clothing: A Glossary of Terms.” Colonial Williamsburg. http://www.history.org/history/clothing/men/mglossary.cfm Last accessed February 25, 2015.
Braddock’s March .org. Fort Cumberland at Wills Creek. http://www.fortedwards.org/braddock/sites/cbe.htm Last accessed December 8, 2015.
In Camp With General Braddock---April 16-17, 2005 in Winchester, Virginia A French & Indian War Living History Camp. http://www.fortedwards.org/braddock/april15c.htm Last accessed December 8, 2015.
British Battles.com. The Battle of the Monongahela---Braddock’s Defeat. http://www.britishbattles.com/braddock.htm Last accessed December 8, 2015.
National Archives. George Washington Letter to Robert Dinwiddie, 29 May, 1754. http://founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/02-01-02-0054 Last accessed December 8, 2015.
George Washington Letter to Joshua Fry, 23 May, 1754. http://founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/02-01-02-0051 Last accessed December 8, 2015.
George Washington Letter to Robert Dinwiddie, 10 June, 1754. http://founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/02-01-02-0066 Last accessed December 8, 2015.
George Washington Letter to John Robinson, 20 April, 1755. http://founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/02-01-02-0126 Last accessed December 8, 2015.
George Washington Letter to John Augustine Washington, 14 May, 1755. http://founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/02-01-02-0137 Last accessed December 8, 2015.
George Washington Letter to John Augustine Washington, 28 June, 1755. http://founders.archives.gov/documents/Washington/02-01-02-0160 Last accessed December 8, 2015.
Felshin, Sue. Glossary of 18th Century Costume Terminology. http://people.csail.mit.edu/sfelshin/revwar/glossary.html Last accessed December 8, 2015,
Ferguson, Eric. How to Speak 19th Century. http://celticfringe.net/history/vocab.htm. Last accessed December 8, 2015.
Lynch, Jack. A Guide to Eighteenth Century English Vocabulary. April 14, 2006. http://andromeda.rutgers.edu/~jlynch/C18Guide.pdf Last accessed December 8, 2015.
“Military Affairs in North America,1748-1765: selected documents from the Cumberland Papers in Windsor Castle,” Internet Archive. Letter from Colonel John St. Clair to Robert Napier, 13 June, 1755. http://archive.org/stream/militaryaffairsi00cumb/militaryaffairsi00cumb_djvu.txt Last accessed December 8, 2015.
National Park Service. Fort Necessity National Battlefield Pennsylvania. http://www.nps.gov/fone/index.htm Last accessed December 8, 2015.
Seven Years War. The 44th Foot. 2012. http://www.kronoskaf.com/syw/index.php?title=44th_Foot Last accessed December 8, 2015.
The Writings of George Washington from the Original Manuscript Sources:1745-1799 Volume1. Electronic Text Center, University of Virginia Library. George Washington Letter to John Augustine Washington, 31 May, 1754. http://web.archive.org/web/20110218084726/http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/etcbin/toccer-new2?id=WasFi01.xml&images=images/modeng&data=/texts/english/modeng/parsed&tag=public&part=48&division=div1 Last accessed December 8, 2015.
Messner, Robert T. Braddock’s Battlefield History Center. 609 Sixth St., North Braddock, Pennsylvania.
The general plot of American Brush-Off is based upon the recorded history of German/German-American internment during World War II. The characters and incidents within the book were selected from various accounts presented in the resources listed below. The train ride to Crystal City, a distraught internee contemplating suicide, the role of the German Bund within the Crystal City camp--these events (and more) all occurred in some setting at some time during the internment period. They just didn't necessarily happen in the manner described in my book. I chose the episodes from my research that would help create the most interesting story for my readers.
Estlack, Robert W.. Shattered Lives, Shattered Dreams: The Disrupted Lives of Families in American Internment Camps. Springville, Utah: Bonneville Books, 2011.
Jacobs, Arthur D.. The Prison Called Hohenasperg. Universal Publishers, 1999.
Russell, Jan Jarboe. The Train to Crystal City. New York: Scribner, 2015.
“Trade Off”. American History Magazine. Volume 49, #6, February, 2015.
4800 Ellis Avenue, Chicago, Illinois. German-American Internee Coalition. https://gaic.info/internment-camps/temporary-detention-facilities/4800-ellis-avenue-chicago-illinois/ Last accessed December 26, 2019.
“Crystal City (detention facility)”. Densho Encyclopedia. https://encyclopedia.densho.org/Crystal_City_(detention_facility)/ Last accessed December 26, 2019.
Crystal City, Texas Family Internment Camp. German-American Internee Coalition. https://gaic.info/internment-camps/u-s-department-of-justice-internment-facilities/crystal-city-texas-family-internment-camp/ Last accessed December 26, 2019.
Davis, Vincent T.. “Internment camp ball players part of Texas baseball history”. San Antonio Express-News. March 11, 2017. https://www.expressnews.com/news/local/article/Internment-camp-ball-players-part-of-Texas-10993977.php Last accessed December 26, 2019.
Dietze, Caitlin T.. “Daily Life at Crystal City Internment Camp 1942-45”. University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations. May 13, 2016. https://scholarworks.uno.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=3286&context=td Last accessed December 26, 2019.
“Eberhard Fuhr remembers life in a World War II internment camp”. Texas Public Radio. January 14, 2009. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5M1cZqvMrP4 Last accessed December 26, 2019.
Fuhr, Eberhard E.. The Fuhr Family Story: My Internment by the United States Government. German-American Internee Coalition: 2006. https://gaic.info/fuhr-story/ Last accessed December 26, 2019.
Historical Dictionary of American Slang, 1940-1950. https://www.alphadictionary.com/slang/?term=&beginEra=1940&endEra= 1950&clean=true&submitsend=Search Last accessed December 26, 2019.
Internee Records. German-American Internee Coalition. https://gaic.info/resources/internee-records/ Last accessed December 26, 2019.
Japanese, German and Italian American Enemy Alien Internment. Texas Historical Commission. March 31, 2017. https://www.thc.texas.gov/preserve/projects-and-programs/military-history/texas-world-war-ii/japanese-german-and-italian Last accessed December 26, 2019.
Krause, Kitry. “Dangerous Enemy Alien”. The Chicago Reader. September 2, 1993. https://www.chicagoreader.com/chicago/dangerous-enemy-alien/Content?oid=882682 Last accessed December 26, 2019.